Summary Results from:

Atmospheric correction of MODIS data in the visible to middle infrared: first results
As they relate to the validation of MOD09

Authors: Eric F. Vermote, Nazmi Z. El Saleous and Christopher O. Justice

Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 83, Issues 1-2, November 2002, Pages 97-111

Link to: Access Publication


The MODIS instrument provides major advances in moderate resolution earth observation. Improved spatial resolution for land observation at 250 and 500 m and improved spectral band placement provide new remote sensing opportunities. NASA has invested in the development of improved algorithms for MODIS, which will provide new data sets for global change research. Surface reflectance is one of the key products from MODIS and is used in developing several higher-order land products. The surface reflectance algorithm builds on the heritage of the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and SeaWiFS algorithms, taking advantage of the new sensing capabilities of MODIS. Atmospheric correction by the removal of water vapor and aerosol effects provides improvements over previous coarse resolution products and the basis for a new time-series, which will extend through to the NPOESS generation imagers. This paper summarizes the first evaluation of the MODIS surface reflectance product accuracy, in comparison with other data products and in the context of the MODIS instrument performance since launch. The MODIS surface reflectance product will provide an important time-series data set for quantifying global environmental change.