Status for: Land Cover/Dynamics (MCD12)

 
General Accuracy Statement

Validation at stage 2 has been achieved for the MODIS C6 Land Cover product.

The accuracy of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) layer of the MODIS Collection 6 Land Cover Type product (MCD12Q1) is estimated to be 73.6% globally. There is no globally comprehensive data set of independent, probability sample-based validation data available. Hence, the estimate is supported by quantitative analysis using cross-validation of a training site database.

The accuracy of the MODIS Global Land Cover Dynamics product (MCD12Q2), also known as the vegetation phenology product, is currently still being evaluated, and a validation statement for this product will be forthcoming once the evaluation is complete.


Product status updated:  November 2019
Product version:  Collection 6
 
Supporting Studies:

Land Cover Dynamics (MCD12Q2)
Title: Long-term continuity in land surface phenology measurements: Acomparative assessment of the MODIS land cover dynamics and VIIRS landsurface phenology products
Author: Moon,M., Zhang,X., Henebry, G.M., Liu,L., Gray., J.M., Melaas, E.K., and M.A. Friedl
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 226, pp. 74-92.
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Title: Evaluating remote sensing of deciduous forest phenology at multiple spatial scales using PhenoCam imagery
Author: S. T. Klosterman, K. Hufkens, J. M. Gray, E. Melaas, O. Sonnentag, I. Lavine, L. Mitchell, R. Norman, M. A. Friedl, and A. D. Richardson
Source: Biogeosciences, 11, 4305-4320. doi:10.5194/bg-11-4305-2014
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Title: Tracking forest phenology and seasonal physiology using digital repeat photography: A critical assessment
Author: T. F. Keenan, B. Darby, E. Felts, O. Sonnentag, M. A. Friedl, K. Hufkens, J. O'Keefe, S. Klosterman, J. W. Munger, M. Toomey, and A. D. Richardson
Source: Ecological Applications 24:1478-1489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/13-0652.1
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Title: Digital repeat photography for phenological research in forest ecosystems
Author: Sonnentag, O., Hufkens, K.,Teshera-Sterne, Young, A.M., Friedl, M.A., Braswell, B.H., Milliman, T., O'Keefe, J., and A.D. Richardson
Source: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 152, pp. 159-177.
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Title: Linking near-surface and satellite remote sensing measurements of deciduous broadleaf forest phenology
Author: Hufkens, K, Friedl, M.A. Sonnetag, O., Braswell, B.H., Millman, T. and A.D. Richardson
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 117(15), pp. 366-380.
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Title: Land surface phenology from MODIS: Characterization of the Collection 5 global land cover dynamics product.
Author: Ganguly, S., Friedl, M.A., Tan, B., Zhang, X. and M. Verma
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 2010, 114, pp. 1805-1816.
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Title: Evaluation of the onset of green-up in temperate deciduous broadleaf forests derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data
Author: Kamel Soudani, Guerric le Maire, Eric Dufrêne, Christophe François, Nicolas Delpierre, Erwin Ulrich and Sébastien Cecchini
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (2008), 2643-2655.
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Title: Global vegetation phenology from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): Evaluation of global patterns and comparison with in situ measurements
Author: Xiaoyang Zhang, Mark A. Friedl, Crystal B. Schaaf
Source: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, G04017, doi:10.1029/2006JG000217, 2006
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Title: MODIS Vegetation Dynamics (MOD12Q2) - Validation Information
Author: Mark Friedl and Xiaoyang Zhang
Source: Internal Document
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Land Cover (MCD12)
Title: Hierarchical mapping of annual global land cover 2001 to present: The MODIS Collection 6 Land Cover product
Author: Sulla-Menashe, Damien; Gray, Josh M.; Abercrombie, S. Parker; Friedl, Mark A.
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 222, pp. 183-194
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Title: A global land cover validation data set, I: Fundamental Design principles
Author: Olofsson, P., Stehman, S.V., Woodcock, C.E., Friedl, M.A. Sulla-Menashe, D., Sibley, A.M., Newell, J.D. and M. Herold
Source: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 33, Iss. 18, 2012; DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2012.674230
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Title: A global land cover validation data set, II: Augmenting a stratified sampling design to estimate accuracy by region and land-cover class
Author: Stehman, S.V., Olofsson, P., Woodcock, C.E., M. Herold , and M.A. Friedl
Source: International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33(22), pp. 6975-6993
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Title: Making better use of accuracy data in land change studies: estimating accuracy and area and quantifying uncertainty using stratified estimation
Author: Pontus Olofsson, Giles M. Foody, Stephen V. Stehman, Curtis E. Woodcock
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 129 (2013) 122-131
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Title: Comparison and Assessment of Coarse Resolution Land Cover Maps for Northern Eurasia
Author: Pflugmacher, D., Krankina, O.N., Cohen, W.B., Friedl, M.A., Sulla-Menashe, D., Kennedy, R.E, Nelson, P. Loboda, T.V., Kuemmerle, T., Dyukarev, E., Elsakov, V., Kharuk, V.I.
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 115, pp. 3539-3553.
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Title: MODIS Collection 5 global land cover: Algorithm refinements and characterization of new datasets
Author: Mark A. Friedl, Damien Sulla-Menashe, Bin Tan, Annemarie Schneider, Navin Ramankutty, Adam Sibley and Xiaoman Huang
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment (2010), doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.08.016
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Title: Mapping global urban areas using MODIS 500-m data: New methods and data sets based on 'urban ecoregions.'
Author: Schneider, A., Friedl, M.A. and D. Potere
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 2010, 114, pp. 1733-1746
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Title: A new map of global urban extent from MODIS satellite data.
Author: Schneider, A, Friedl, M.A. and D. Potere
Source: Environmental Research Letters, 2009, 4, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/044003.
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Title: Some challenges in global land cover mapping: An assessment of agreement datasets
Author: M. Herold, P. Mayaux, C.E. Woodcock, A. Baccini, C. Schmullius
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (2008), 2538-2556
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Title: Assessment of remotely sensed and statistical inventories of African agricultural fields
Author: F. Hannerz, A. Lotsch
Source: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 29, Issue 13 2008 , pages 3787-3804
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Title: Validation and comparison of 1 km global land cover products in China
Author: W. Wu, R. Shibasaki, P. Yang, L. Ongaro, Q. Zhou, H. Tang
Source: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 29, Issue 13 2008 , pages 3769-3785
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Title: Evaluation of global land cover data sets over the tundra-taiga transition zone in northernmost Finland
Author: J. Heiskanen
Source: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 29, Issue 13 2008 , pages 3727-3751
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Title: Exploiting synergies of global land cover products for carbon cycle modeling
Author: Martin Jung, Kathrin Henkel, Martin Herold, Galina Churkina
Source: Remote Sensing of Environment, 101 (2006), 534-553
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Title: A joint initiative for harmonization and validation of land cover datasets
Author: Martin Herold, Curtis Woodcock, Antonio di Gregorio, Philippe Mayaux, Alan Belward, John Latham, and Christiane C. Schmullius
Source: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 44, NO. 7, JULY 2006, pages 1719–1727
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Title: Validation of the Consistent-Year V003 MODIS Land Cover Product
Author: Mark Friedl
Source: Internal PI document
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