Summary Results from:

Assessment of the broadleaf crops leaf area index product from the Terra MODIS instrument
As they relate to the validation of MOD15

Authors: Bin Tan, Jiannan Hu, Dong Huang, Wenze Yang, Ping Zhang, Nikolay V. Shabanov, Yuri Knyazikhin, Ramakrishna R. Nemani, Ranga B. Myneni

Source: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 135 (2005) 124-134

Link to: Access Publication


The first significant processing of Terra MODIS data, called Collection 3, covered the period from November 2000 to December 2002. The Collection 3 leaf area index (LAI) and fraction vegetation absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR) products for broadleaf crops exhibited three anomalies (a) high LAI values during the peak growing season, (b) differences in LAI seasonality between the radiative transfer-based main algorithm and the vegetation index based back-up algorithm, and (c) too few retrievals from the main algorithm during the summer period when the crops are at full flush. The cause of these anomalies is a mismatch between reflectances modeled by the algorithm and MODIS measurements. Therefore, the Look-Up-Tables accompanying the algorithm were revised and implemented in Collection 4 processing. The main algorithm with the revised Look-Up-Tables generated retrievals for over 80% of the pixels with valid data. Retrievals from the back-up algorithm, although few, should be used with caution as they are generated from surface reflectances with high uncertainties.